Are you ready for the Outdoors?
It’s about saving your life!
Survival Skills – Compass Reading – Signs Hypothermia
Hypothermia is serious. Treatment for mild hypothermia includes getting out of the cold and using warm blankets, heaters and
warm fluids to regain body temperature. Never use any heating element that would burn the skin. Moderate to severe
hypothermia is treated in the hospital
A person can live for:
4 – 6 minutes without air.
3 – 5 days without water.
40 days or more without food.
American Red Cross – Click
Fema for kids – Click To help kids understand
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Outdoor Safety – Click
Read also Lost in the Woods click
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Minimum Essential Items
- High quality pocket knife with at least two cutting blades
- Pocket compass
- Strong needles – sailmakers, surgeon’s, and darning
- Match safe (plastic or metal container) with waterproof matches
- Assorted fish hooks in appropriate containers
- Small hank of wire for making animal snares
- Needle nose pliers with side cutters
- Bar of soap containing physohex
- Small fire starter of pyrophoric metal
- Personal medicines, if appropriate
- Water purification tablets
- Band aids
- Insect repellent stick
Good To Have Items
- Pen gun and flares
- Colored cloth for signaling
- Wire saw
- Sharpening stone
- Plastic water bottle
- Safety pins
- Travel razor
- Small mirror
- Flat file
- Aluminum foil
Individual Medical Kit
- Sterile gauze, compress bandage
- Antibiotic ointment
- Skin antiseptic
- Aspirin tablets
- Salt tablets
Storing water, Add 3 to 4 drops of bleach to a gallon of water and keep it in a dark place it will keep for a very long time. When storing water, I suggest to use containers that are made for storing water or maybe coke bottles just make sure that the container is not biodegradable (milk jugs are biodegradable).
Water PURIFICATION TECHNIQUES:
There are 3 ways to make sure your wilderness water is safely disinfected: Boiling, Halogenation, and Filtration. You should pick the one that best suits your needs and is appropriate to your activity.
The rule is very simple:
Once the water is hot enough to produce one rolling bubble, it is free of organisms that will cause illness, worldwide and up to at 19,000 feet above sea level.
All of the time it takes to bring water to a boil, works toward the death of organisms in the water. By the time water reaches the boiling point, it’s safe. Giardia lambli cysts, for instance, die at approximately 122°F(50°C). If you want to feel safer, let the water roll around at a boil for a couple of minutes. Boiling is cheap-the only cost is fuel-and effective, but it consumes time, and it’s inconvenient if you run out of water on the trail.
Boiling will NOT neutralize chemical pollutants!
Signs of hypothermia:
When your temperature falls lower then 98.6 degrees.
Your speech can slur, loss of Coordination and Confusion.
Dress properly for the winter by layering your clothing. Three layers is a good number to remember and ALSO wear Hat & Gloves, Thick socks and sturdy winter boots.
Hypothermia: If someone is experiencing hypothermia get them to a shelter and remove any wet clothing and replace with warm clothing. NEVER give food or drink to someone who is unconscious. Warming up blankets will speed up the warming process.
During the cold winter months be aware of the problems weather can cause. Protect yourself from the wind by wearing clothes that block the wind and rain.